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Official Volleyball Rules

Volleyball is a popular team sport played on a rectangular court, where two teams compete to score points by grounding the ball on the opponent's side of the court. Here are the detailed rules for playing volleyball:


  • Volleyball: A spherical ball made of leather or synthetic material.

  • Net: A net stretched across the center of the court to divide it into two equal halves.

  • Court: A rectangular playing area with boundary lines for singles and doubles play.

  • Antennas: Vertical rods attached to the net to mark the boundaries of the playing area.


  1. Court Dimensions:

    • The volleyball court is 29.5 feet wide and 59 feet long for indoor play, with additional space around the court for players to move freely.

    • The net is positioned in the center of the court, suspended at a height of 7 feet 11.625 inches for men's play and 7 feet 4.125 inches for women's play.

  2. Teams:

    • Each team consists of six players, typically divided into three front-row players and three back-row players.

  3. Starting Positions:

    • Players start each rally in specific positions on the court, with designated areas for front-row and back-row players.


  1. Starting the Game:

    • A coin toss or another method is used to determine which team serves first.

    • The serving team starts the game from behind the back boundary line.

  2. Serving:

    • The server stands behind the back boundary line and serves the ball over the net to the opponent's court.

    • The server must hit the ball within the service area and over the net to initiate play.

  3. Rally:

    • After the serve, players from both teams rally the ball back and forth over the net, using a combination of passes, sets, and attacks.

    • Each team is allowed a maximum of three contacts to return the ball, typically consisting of a pass, set, and spike.

  4. Scoring Points:

    • Points are scored when the ball lands in the opponent's court, either by a successful attack or when the opponent commits a fault.

    • A point is awarded to the serving team if the opponent fails to return the ball over the net or if the opponent commits a rule violation.

  5. Rotation:

    • Players rotate positions clockwise after each side out or when the serving team wins a rally.

    • Rotation ensures that all players have an opportunity to serve and play in different positions on the court.

  6. Winning the Set:

    • A set is won by the first team to reach 25 points, with a margin of at least two points.

    • If the score reaches 24-24, play continues until one team has a two-point advantage.

  7. Winning the Match:

    • A match typically consists of the best of five sets.

    • The team that wins three sets first wins the match.

Additional Rules and Tips:

  • Substitutions: Teams are allowed substitutions between rallies with proper notification to the referee.

  • Libero: A specialized defensive player, known as the libero, is allowed to replace any back-row player without prior notification.

  • Foot Faults: Players are not allowed to touch the boundary lines or the center line with their feet while playing the ball.

  • Etiquette: Maintain good sportsmanship and respect for opponents and officials throughout the match.

Volleyball is an exciting and dynamic sport that requires teamwork, skill, and strategy. Whether played recreationally with friends or competitively in leagues and tournaments, volleyball offers a thrilling and enjoyable experience for players of all ages and skill levels.

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